According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2015 there were 214 million reported cases of malaria worldwide – this represents a 37% decline in incidence and a 60% reduction in mortality since 2000. These improvements were due to several factors, some of which are: the use of insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), introduction of rapid diagnostics tests, access to anti-malarials, and improvement in sanitation.
In the last 15 years, more than a billion ITNs have been distributed in Africa benefiting the most vulnerable – children under the age of five. In 2015, 68% of under-fives were reported to sleep under an ITN resulting in the under-5 global malaria death rate to fall by 65 percent.
A 2007 study by Fegan et al.1 indicated that usage of an ITN was associated with a drop in mortality risk of 44 per cent. A more recent publication by Demombynes and Trommlerova2 , using data from not only small-scale controlled intervention efforts, but also from large-scale projects implemented by the government, draws a correlation between ITNs and the decline in infant mortality of up to 79% in Kenya.
But, this impressive and unimaginable achievement notwithstanding, more than 400,000 people worldwide, >70% kids under 5, still die from malaria each year, with most deaths occurring in sub-Saharan Africa.
Free distribution of ITNs by government and private campaigns have been proven to be the most effective way of providing vulnerable households with these lifesaving tools. Surveys have shown that most households with access to an ITN use it, and the biggest obstacle to using an ITN was lack of access to it. The WHO has recommended one ITN per two people in every household. In 2015, at least 41 million children under-5 in subSaharan Africa did not sleep under an ITN. There is a clear need for continued effort to ensure universal access to ITNs.
Team End Malaria Now (EMN) is dedicated to fighting this entirely preventable and treatable disease with your support. EMN Project Kenya was able to raise funds to buy 10,000 ITNs, which were distributed in orphanages, boarding schools, and elderly homes throughout Kenya. Our goal for next year is to raise funds for 20,000 ITNs to be distributed in Rwanda and Sierra Leone.
EMN will be able to achieve this with your help!
Join the EMN community of supporters who make a difference by saving lives and helping children live up to their full potential. EMN harnesses the giving potential in people, just like you, who raise awareness and funds in their respective communities through tools, resources, and inspiration provided by Team EMN. Start your own chapter of EMN by hosting a fundraiser at your next social event, school, or community center. Contact us for more information on how to organize a fundraiser, maximize your End Malaria Now Richa Chaturvedi February 17, 2016 fundraising efforts, get online access to your own Team EMN email center and Web page, and get logo stickers and banners to give your event a polished, recognizable look.
1 Lancet 370, 1035–1039
2 Economics and Human Biology 21 (2016) 17–32